The significance of these values is shown quite clearly in The Odyssey of Homer. Lastly, xenia is used as a way of judging the morality of each of the characters, and consequently the fates they will face as a result of their Xenia. This time from a servant of Menelaus. Bad xenia met with a bad end. For his part, Odysseus made no demands of Eumaios and did not threaten or insult him, despite his humble offerings.
In the first five books of the epic, Telemachos is shown great hospitality by the kings, Nestor, and Menelaos. These Books show the positive signs of hospitality used by many, including people like kings and leaders, in this case it was Telamachus, Nestor and Menelaus. In the end it proves to be a beneficial situation for them both. Contrasting these episodes to the episode of the Cyclops, which demonstrates the failure of host hospitality, further illuminates these elements. The lovers Aeneas and Odysseus encounter in either the Aeneid or Odyssey is vast… 1211 Words 5 Pages Why is Xenia such an important theme in the Odyssey? In Phaeacia and on Ithaca, the hospitable reception of Odysseus as a guest and the development of the guest-host relationship lead to the recognition and revelation of his true identity. All hosts are obligated to provide their guests with the best food, accommodation and comfort they can.
First, the Cyclops Polyphemus fails to provide Odysseus and his men with food, instead eating it all for himself. Because of this, travellers had to rely on the hospitality of others for shelter, food, and protection. Book 4 shows some more sense of bad Xenia. They are all dead, their civilization is dead and gone, they were pagans, and they weren't even Christians. This is seen in book one when Telemachus unknowingly takes in Athena as his guest. It is not piety to glory so over slain men.
The Norton Anthology of Western Literature, Volume 1. Circe is also a bad host, though she puts on the act of being a brilliant one. According to Greek values, Telemachus would be characterized as good. But we could go to lengths and say Xenia is almost shown as a literacy device to separate who are good and bad characters. Some basic Xenia rules were that the guest could not insult the host, make demands, or refuse xenia. This created an obligation for the host to be hospitable to their guests, and conversely, the guests had their own responsibilities as well. Hospitality, or Xenia, is so essential in Greek society that Zeus, in addition to being the king of the Gods, is also the God of travelers Wikipedia.
Because this episode between Telemachus and his host shares these same elements of the guest-host relationship with the earlier episode, it is becoming apparent that the development of the guest-host relationship is formulaic; it requires these showings of hospitality to happen. Indeed, the suitors, like the Cyclops, corrupt the elements of the guest-host relationship in a number of instances. Where have your rovings forced you? This is also an example of retribution for bad Xenia. Because of this, many more nights were spent away from home in many different locations. Xenia also provides a system of retribution in the Odyssey.
Good Xenia: Odysseus and Nausikaa One of the best examples of good xenia in The Odyssey is that of Nausikaa, a princess on the island of the Phaiakians. Odysseus had been shipwrecked and took refuge under a bush for the night. Accepting the disguised Odysseus as guest becomes tantamount to accepting his return, rejecting him brings about its negative consequences. Unfortunately throughout this epic many characters show the opposite of generosity and act cruelly, thus displaying bad Xenia. Where do you come from? By providing him the bath, an element of hospitality, Penelope also unintentionally leads to the premature revelation of his identity to the maid Eurycleia, who spots his scar.
Telemachus and Penelope act as hosts confer hospitality upon Odysseus, eventually enabling him access at the tool necessary to reveal his identity safely and reclaim his house, while loyal members of his household take steps to reveal his identity through hospitable actions beforehand. First, Polyphemus asks the identity of the guests before any development of the relationship has begun. You shall be entertained as a guest among us. Why is Xenia such an important theme in the Odyssey? The next most important staples of the society were the concepts of braver, pride, and hospitality, or Xenia. This custom of xenia also held a burden of trust, where both the guest and host would have to rely on custom in regards to personal safety. First, he greeted them, and second, without a thought for his convenience, offered them a place at his table.
Where did you sail from, over the running sea-lanes? This statement proves that violence was an acceptable answer when a host was not gracious. Xenia imposed moral regulations in ancient. One of the most famous ones at that time and famous even now is Homer. Throughout The Odyssey, Xenia was an extremely significant theme which was recalled many times throughout the poems. The role of the host was to take in the stranger, provide him with shelter, food, drink and aiding them on their journey with whatever means they have to spear. Hospitality, or Xenia, is so essential in Greek society that Zeus, in addition to being the king of the Gods, is also the God of travelers Wikipedia.
It was a set of rules and customs that defined the guest-host relationship between two individuals, two groups of people, or an individual and a group. Not only is it used as a literary device by Homer, as it provides an explanation for many aspects of the plot and provides the poem with continuity as well as a way for Homer to portray characters as heroes and villains. Hospitality and the development of the guest-host relationship between Odysseus and Telemachus and Odysseus and Penelope enables Odysseus to take the steps necessary to secure his position back in his household, discern who is worthy of punishment and who is not, get his hands on the tool used to kill those who deserve punishment, and thus reveal his identity and reclaim his household. It was religious, it was beneficial, and it distinguished the Greeks from their barbarian neighbors. Thus, referring to Odysseus as a guest, she makes it clear that a stranger will be treated hospitably by Telemachus and her and therefore will have access to the bow. Odysseus demonstrates his capacity for sports and his physical acumen by winning in the sporting contests.
In the role of the guest, the suitors insulted their host by overstaying their welcome, by making unreasonable demands on the house in terms of requirements, and by attempting to kill Telemakhos. An example of retribution for bad Xenia is when the Cyclops decides to eat rather than welcome Odysseus and his crew, and the men respond by poking his eye out. He may be offered a bath and fresh clothes. Some basic rules of this relationship were that the guest could not insult the host, make demands, or refuse xenia. Similarly, while Telemachus may seem somewhat cowardly for not having driven away the suitors, the ancient audience would admire his conviction to Xenia.