It would be an understatement to call the architecture of the Chola period as grand, it was more like grandiose and towering. Justice was mostly a local matter in the Chola Empire; minor disputes were settled at the village level. He was also titled Sungam tavirtta he who abolished tolls. These members had to retire every three years. Kings were assisted by ministers and officials in their administration.
Uraiyur now was its oldest capital. A number of Kurrams constituted a Valanadu வளநாடு. He conquered portions of the and the. Administrative theories are those set of theories which highlight different facts of administrative activity. The Chola Empire was the first feudatory of the Pallavas of Kanchi which was founded by Vijayalaya.
These and other lands such as the lands belonging to temples were exempted from tax. The council of nadu was called nattavai. He captured Tanjore from the Pandyas and made it the capital of the Cholas. Chola officials participated more as advisors and observers. Such orders were recorded in great detail in the inscriptions, usually on the walls of temples. The revenue of the Chola kingdom came from two sources-taxes on land and taxes on trade.
Representatives of the Nattavais and nattars promoted agriculture. Chola emperors linked themselves to solar and lunar dynasties and claimed Kshatriya status and called themselves as Brahmakshatriyas. It could also raise loans for the village and levy taxes. The position of women did not improve. Viceroys received orders from the king.
Polonnaruva became the capital of Chola province in North Ceylon after the defeat of Mahinda V, the Ceylonese king. Most important of these were manigramam, Ayyavolu-500 Five hundred Lords of Aihole also called as Ainnuruvar, Nanadesi, Vira Valanjiyar, Vira Balanju and Anjuvannan. The actual collection of revenue was done by the village assembly. For a few centuries, the Kannada literature was deeply influenced by Jainism. The Cholas: The decline of the Pallavas in the 9th century created a political vacuum which was filled by the Cholas. The punishments in most cases were in the form of donations to the temples or other endowments. Exam Form Fill up Reg : - 7.
With the help of their navy the Cholas controlled Coromandal and Malabar coasts. The Airavathesvara temple at Darasuram in Tanjore District and the Kampaharesvara temple at Tribhuvanam are examples of later Chola temples. He assumed the title of Maduraikonda captor of Madurai. They were required to maintain an army out of the resources and maintain peace in their respective territories. He had a well organized naval fleet with which he launched an 100 years naval war with Sailendra rulers of Sumatra. Next came Virarajendra I, he too defeated the Chalukyas and erected a pillar of victory on the banks of Tungabhadra.
Semester Break: 22 May - 30 Jun. They were also called mandalams. These divisions and names underwent constant changes throughout the Chola period. The legendary King Karikan was the common ancestor through whom small Deccan and Andhra families called Chola or Coda claimed a connection with the Uraiyur family. If you wish to reuse content on this site, I have prepared a short form below to fill out and request it. The tiger was the royal emblem of Chola kings. They then brought Srilanka, South- East Asia and even China under the network of trade.
He often went on tours in order to keep better touch with the administration. He captured Tanjore in 850 A. By 1014 Rajaraja had acquired the and. A fragmentary Tamil inscription found in mentions the name of a merchant guild Nanadesa Tisaiyayirattu Ainnutruvar நானாதேச திசையாயிரத்து ஐந்நூற்றுவர் Lit. During the time of Rajraja Chola I there were eight Mandalas. The Chola system of administration was highly organised and efficient.