All Spartan males, ages 20—60, were soldiers. Xenophon I personally find very, very dull. If I have the time in the morning I will upload some translations with the original text and point out interesting things. In order to compare and contrast the historical methods, interests, and objectives of Herodotus and Thucydides we must examine the characteristics of their literary method, including the narrative, description, authorial analysis, interest in accuracy, etc. Links on Sparta: Second Persian War Encyclopedia Articles on the Second Persian War: Descriptions of key battles of the Second Persian War. Can anyone help me with this assignment.
Machiavelli and Thucydides both demonstrate how a ruler can use many aspects of human nature to their advantage when ruling a state. It is known that Herodotus did not learn the Ionic dialect while in Samos. They believed the sickness coming over their town was from the water. From these limited sources, however, Herodotus was able to infer with incredible accuracy the origins of the Scythians. This should come later — it is not an introduction to a whole paper — always assume your reader is not familiar with your topic In his book titled, The History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides brings to light, some of the causes of the war, as well as some of the consequences of the war. For instance, he is told of a people beyond the Scythians who people who supposedly wore black cloaks and ate lice.
Each author writes her essay at a different point in the year. Can anyone help me with this assignment. His description of encounters there, however, are considered among the most untrustworthy of all the accounts in his History. However, their approach to success, peace, and ultimately, a revolution, was very different. You would be hard-pressed to identify any aspect of our modern world that was not influenced by ancient Greece in some way.
Meanwhile, the Spartans with their dominant land army withdrew to their homeland of Peloponnesus, a wide peninsula connected to the Greek mainland by a narrow strip of land. He visited Greek colonies along the northern coast of the Black Sea. Herodotus was born in 484 B. His purpose in Tyre was to check on the accuracy of what he had been told in Egypt about the origins of Egyptian and Greek religion. Whereas, Thucydides includes speeches which take up 3 or 4 pages of his book, an example of this is Pericles funeral speech, which goes on for quite a while. Students will position these primary texts within the western intellectual tradition, compare them to other literatures, and relate them to our contemporary world a.
People began to become completely careless of everything because death was rampant throughout their lands 2. How can politics elevate or poison a society? Thucydides, on the other hand, usually gets explaining something, but ends up saying something completely irrelevant to what we need to know. Comprehensive source including articles, images, and pop culture references. If this passage is taken at face value, it is possible that Herodotus did not have to rely solely on the data provided by his own travels to construct his History. Recent scholars have pointed out that in Greek history, the narrative is used to relate historical events, and the personal speeches are reserved to provide rational explanation for the events. An example of this can be seen in the seventh book of the History. A good example of this is when he is describing what Xerxes has in his force; he lists loads and loads of different kinds of people.
Plato and Thucydides together had strikingly dissimilar views on their tactic on the good life. Despite the obvious legends and myths that Herodotus discovered while in Scythia, he also explored truly historic sites. Also important is the question of leadership. Traditions, legends, and personal interviews misled him. The initial 10 years of the conflict saw annual Spartan land raids countered by Athenian sea attacks. His voyages to the four corners of the world brought Herodotus into contact with more peoples than any other Greek of his day, and he used what he learned in his research to tell the story of the war that shaped his youth. This malaise drove him onward from Thebes toward the destination he had sought from the start of his journey into Egypt, the city of Elephantine.
Xenophon is dismissed as fathoming little of the events he chronicled. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1998, p. It is believed that Herodotus made one more stop on his voyages around the Black Sea. Thucydides is sharp and probing. He probably returned to Athens sometime around 430. Herodotus has an agenda that he tries to bring forth in his narrative. Some of these he wrote down, some he recalled from memory, but for the most part Herodotus does not value documentary evidence very highly-- the reason was not that it was unavailable, but that it was inaccessible.
He considers the actual events, examines the constraints and options available to the protagonists, and then searches for possible consequences of the events in order to speculate about the causes of the initial event. Whether this person was actually there or not, or even if he every spoke of such an event to Herodotus is not really the point. He was intrigued with the differences between Greek and Egyptian priests, the differences in climates and cultures and with the deep and rich history of the region. Thucydides, an Athenian general during the Peloponnesian War, would most likely agree with him. The walls of tombs and even caves have the signature of something other than human. I have performed it to the best of my ability, and in words, at least, the requirements of the law are now satisfied. By the time Xerxes came to power revolts in Babylon had become almost continuous, and Xerxes demolished much of the fortifications and destroyed large portions of the city.
Explain the nature of these re-evaluations, and the reason s they took place. He returned to Halicarnassus and drove out the tyrant, but afterward, when he saw that he was hated by the citizens, he went as a volunteer to Thurii when it was being colonized by Athens, and there he died and was buried in the marketplace. Material that catches the reader's interest. It is interesting in and of itself that it is not written in Attic, the dialect spoken by the Athenians, but rather Ionic and as such has some odd changes to vowels and tenses being somewhat dissimilar to Attic. I have the first and last sentences, just need some help with the filler sentences. Similar to how Thucydides admits that he does not know all that was said in every situation he recounts, Herodotus admits that he does not know all that happened in every situation in his Histories, including the dialogue. What part does opinion play? Write , and , Using.
Thucydides accounts for many different aspects of justice, power, and human nature through his text. He was born in Helicarnassus now Bodrum in Caria, Asia Minor, the son of Lyxes and Dryo, and the nephew of the epic poet Panyassis. Herodotus sailed north from Samos, following the coast of Asia minor and to the Hellespont. But the speculations about the original story cast sufficient enough doubt to annihilate its merits, similarly to the way in which, throughout the Histories, seemingly small events cause colossal disasters. Thus it is reasonable to assume that we can tease out Thucydides' own beliefs. Herodotus does not want to give away what he perceives as secrets of Egyptian religion. The Athenians believe that Hipparchus was a tyrant and was the ruler when he was killed by Harmodius and Aristogeiton.