Lord Wellesley 1798 - 1825 He introduced the Subsidiary Alliance, under which the Indian ruler agreed to keep British forces in his territory. Treaty of Purandar 1776 between English and Peshwa 9. So let us start from beginning. The Governors regularly transmitted to the Governor-General true copies of all orders and acts of their governments, and also advice of all matters which they felt to be communicated to the Governor-General. In 1837 died the Nawab of Oudh and was succeeded by Nasir-ud-din.
But in 1773 Regulating Act was passed and Governor of Bengal was made Governor General of Bengal. He was an active moderniser. The territory retained by India was restructured into. Lord Lytton 1876-1880 The Delhi Durbar was held on January 1 1877, to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of Kaiser-i-hind. Two distinct areas—one British, one Indian—came to coexist in Calcutta.
The harbors of Karachi, Bombay and Calcutta were also developed. Neither title was employed while the Sovereign was in India. Insistent agitation led to the annulment of this partition in 1911, but at that time the capital of British India was removed from Calcutta to , where the government could enjoy relative calm. He introduced various reforms and became the member of Punjab Board of Administration after second Sikh war. Lord Dufferin 1884-1888 He formed the Indian National Congress. He established Rajkot College in Kathiawar and Mayo College in Ajmer for Indian princess. The authorities of the East India Company were in favour of prohibiting Suttee from the time of Lord Cornwallis and directives were issued to look into the matter.
Archived from on 6 October 2008. Upon independence in August 1947, the title of Viceroy was abolished. The title of Viceroy was abandoned when British India split into the two independent of and , but the office of Governor-General continued to exist in each country separately—until they adopted republican constitutions in 1950 and 1956, respectively. Introduced Permanent Settlement in Bengal 1793 8. When at sea, only the Viceroy flew the flag from the mainmast, while other officials flew it from the foremast. This would naturally attract the people towards Western culture preparing the ground for the market for British goods in India. Both Palmerston and Auckland did not betray far-sightedness in rushing into a war with Afghanistan.
The Viceroy nonetheless retained significant power over legislation. Retrieved on 12 November 2008. Katari First judge of International Court of Justice Dr. Lord Bentinck was aggrieved and took up the matter with the home authorities and, in fact, it was because of a sense of guilt that the home authorities appointed William Bentinck Governor-General in 1828. India was thereafter directly ruled by the Crown as a colony of the United Kingdom, and officially known as the after 1876. Lord Linlithgow 1936-1944 Government of India Act enforced in provinces. In the meantime Campbell had succeeded in occupying Prome.
As the British officers reached Multan with the newly appointed ruler of Multan, Mulraj got them killed and retained his control over Multan. The chamber usually met only once a year, with the Viceroy presiding, but it appointed a Standing Committee, which met more often. The states that signed the alliance were - Hyderabad first to sign in 1798 and then Mysore, Tanjore, Awadh, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Mecheri, Bundi, Bharatpur and Berar 2. In 1784, the Council was reduced to three members; the Governor-General continued to have both an ordinary vote and a casting vote. Chakeravarthi Rajagopalachari was the first Indian governor general of independent India.
Introduction of Railways 32 km between Bombay -Thana 1853 9. But in 1851 some British traders were manhandled by the Burmese and they also suffered in their trade. But he sought to strike a bargain through his friendship with the English, namely, to recover Peshwar from Ranjit Singh of Punjab who had conquered it from Persia. This Council could pass laws as important as any Acts by the British Parliament. Press Reforms William Bentinck came out with the liberation of Indian Press Act, 1835.
Lord Lansdowne 1888-1894 Indian Council Act was passed in 1892. The was an institution established in 1920 by a of King-Emperor to provide a forum in which the princely rulers could voice their needs and aspirations to the government. The answer for both is — Lord William Bentinck. Tata First Indian to win Nobel Prize Rabindranath Tagore First president of Indian National Congress W. The framework of the Presidency formed between 1803 and 1827. Dost Mohammad, Amir of Afghanistan, was also in his predicament very much eager to establish friendly relations with the English. They appealed to the English authorities about their grievances, the English authorities refused to pay any heed to their appeal.
He was recalled from India for being out of control and later resigned another office under pressure. This report was based on downwards filtration it means teach some people and they will teach further many more. The same year in October General Godwin occupied Prome. Not only this, the English did not agree to pressurise Ranjit Singh for returning Peshwar to Dost Mohammad who made it a condition for friendly alliance with the English. Along with this, William Bentinck was also utilitarian in nature who believed in the happiness of majority Philosophy given by Jermy Bentham.