In a single day, if necessary, he can run through four or five day-marches and, thus foiling the plots of his enemies, frequently mocks their plots with surprise sudden arrivals. At the time the Church held great wealth and power over and their people. After a while, however, the Archbishop turned to them, and carefully scanning the face of each one he greeted them in a friendly manner, but the wretches, who had made a treaty with death, answered his greetings with curses. Canterbury Cathedral Becket also enjoyed the support of the people. Henry's desire to restore royal authority to the level of that in 's reign brought him into conflict with , whom he had made 1162 archbishop of Canterbury. There he lay and of his free will was whipped by all the bishops and abbots there present and each individual monk of the church of Canterbury.
Give some possible reasons for these changes. Source 10 describing what happened after the death of c. Pleas brought to feudal courts could be delayed or altogether frustrated. But in that year he had to meet rebellion and attack from all sides, partly as the result of his high-handed treatment of his own family. Everything seemed smooth and happy when Henry suddenly made Becket Archibishop of Canterbury, thus elevating him to the highest post in the English Catholic Church, acting directly for the Pope.
However, the original dispute over John Marshal's lands was decided in the archbishop's favour. Louis, like other kings in this period, was trying to convert feudal overlordship into real authority to govern and deeply resented Henry's strength. How poor he is, how frail, and how scantily clad! Melusine reportedly tore herself from their grasp and flew through the roof, taking two of the couple's children with her and was never seen again. The eldest son, known as Henry the Young King did not want his inheritance broken apart. He who wants me will find me here. Henry was possessed of the fearful Angevin temper, apparently a dominant family trait. Four years later, in an act of penance, the king donned a sack-cloth walking barefoot through the streets of Canterbury while eighty monks flogged him with branches.
Jolliffe, Angevin Kingship 1955; 2d ed. Only a few points can be noted out of many. Suffering from a perforated ulcer, he lingered semi-conscious, breathing his last on 6th July, 1189. After the death of Theobald, in 1161, Henry wanted to exert his control over the church. He excommunicated Beaumont and other important barons, and Henry, who had liked him very much, realised that Becket would have to go. While in France, Becket stayed in the Cistercian monastery at Pontigny, continuing his religious ways, as Henry stayed in England, grieving over what has happened to their once blooming friendship. Building upon the earlier tradition of the inquest, Henry issued several assizes, or ordinances, that introduced the procedures that eventually developed into the.
Sadly, their first born, William b. The Pope was not willing to sign such a declaration of obedience, so Becket was spared from suffering the embarrassment. Henry also offered a compromise on the subject of the Constitutions of Clarendon, that the legates accepted. A conference was arranged between the warring parties, near Tours, at which King Henry was humiliatingly forced to accept all of Richard's terms. He was a tireless administrator and clarified and overhauled the entire English judicial system. He will rise no more.
The formidable Matilda's reaction to this event has unfortunately not been recorded. In 1157 Henry invaded and received homage, though without conquest. He restored and extended royal authority, supervised great legal reforms, and clashed with Thomas Becket. After some discussion and argument, Henry appears to have agreed that the legates could judge both the king's case against Becket as well as the bishops' case. The servants who waited on the Archbishop invited them to the table. One of his life long friends soon became a burden because of differences in opinions about religion. In order to weather the storm, the King did public penance for his part in the affair, walking barefoot into Canterbury Cathedral, where he allowed the monks to scourge him as a sign of contrite penance.
The knights had responded to Henry's cry, and made sure that they ended Becket's life. A still later quarrel between the king and Becket resulted in Becket giving way to the king's statement that the custom of England was that no tenant-in-chief could be excommunicated without royal permission. The King's justices would, from now on, decide whether to send a case to a church court or to a royal court, and if it went to the church court, a royal officer would attend the case to make sure nothing wrong is done. Becket's Death He returned, but not in peace. The first was to pay a sum of 300 pounds, a large sum, but Becket did not show any bewilderment.
When Henry ordered him to sign the document of agreement, Becket stormed out of the conference. He consistently opposed and quarrelled with Henry, not allowing him to assert royal authority upon the church. Within the first two years of his reign he had torn down almost half the castles that had been illegally constructed by land owners during the civil war and stamped his authority upon the nobility. Question 2: How did Becket's behaviour change after he was appointed archbishop of Canterbury? He re-established stable royal government in England, instituting reforms in finance, and justice. But to restore the crown's overall position, including the recovery of lands, offices, and castles lost in Stephen's reign, Henry needed the co-operation of the greater magnates. In a resultant meeting, a compromise was finally reached and Thomas returned to England.