Soon Poseidon learns of this and turns the boat into a stone, sinking it to the bottom of the ocean. The swineherd had to save the king from his beastly dogs and after this invited him into his home. Meanwhile he drove all the ewes inside, as well as the she-goats that he was going to milk, leaving the males, both rams and he-goats, outside in the yards. The Greeks loved to eat and what an honor it would have been to be given the kings slab of meat. This shows that the ancient Greeks valued a social society in which each person was obligated to help others when in need. His wife Penelope and his son Telemachus are besieged by 108 suitors for her hand who spend each day in Odysseus' palace devouring its livestock and wine. Hospitality also has to do with the respect and etiquette given from the guest.
Almost every encounter in the epic exhibited some form of hospitality. Throughout Homer's The Odyssey, Odysseus the main character in the story is tested with the true meaning of hospitality. Expecting the normal kindness that guests would receive, they let themselves in and offer wine to the gods and then drink some themselves. This gives a sign to the leader that Telemachus being a main character will have to accomplish something. Here's a link to It has interesting facts about the Greek gods and also has a fun quiz that you can take. Zeus did not want a confrontation with his brother Poseidon, therefore allowing Poseidon to punish the Phaeacians. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website! It touches on immortality, the ideal woman, transitions, the importance of Ithaca, and the hero Odysseus.
The ancient Greeks valued a social society in which each person helped others in need out of obligation. The reputation of hospitality is passed down from father to son so the bonds of hospitality are intergenerational. Hospitality as a theme in any literary work may not seem note-worthy. Privately, not too badly, perhaps. May your excellency fear the wrath of heaven, for we are your suppliants, and Jove takes all respectable travellers under his protection, for he is the avenger of all suppliants and foreigners in distress.
This is not at all how strangers are expected to be treated as guests. In addition to nostos, three essential qualities of a civilized Greek man include the attainment of kleos, offering sacrifices to the immortals, and possessing ingenuity. You shall be entertained as a guest among us. Thus they deserve their fate. They instead bring gifts and help themselves to Polyphemus's food. Throughout the epic poem, there are different examples of hosts and guests. This concept creates a two-tier hierarchy with hospitable, civilized people on the top and their inhospitable, uncivilized counterparts on the bottom.
Later, when Odysseus starts a battle to rid his house of the suitors, Antinous is the first one slain. For example, the suitors that stay in Odysseus' house are terrible guests. Loyalty is a basic human virtue that is glaringly visible in this book. Nearly every encounter in the epic exhibited some form of hospitality. The value of hospitality was shown in The Essential Homer: Selections from the Iliad and the Odyssey by the main character Achilles in his interactions with various other characters in the story. Odysseus and his men find their way to an island and seek shelter in a cave that seems to be the home of a giant.
All of his men were willing to go to take their lives for Odysseus, which is the ultimate form of loyalty. As was the case when Telemachus visited Nestor, food and drink was readily given to Odysseus shortly after his arrival at the palace. Because of the extreme importance of hospitality, those who break this code of conduct are severely punished by the gods. The suitors continue to be treated kindly throughout Odysseus' many years away from home, but towards the end of their stay in Odysseus' home, they begin to become disrespectful. This page also touches on the fear and reward thought process of hospitality. When you were younger you had a greater sense of propriety; now, however, that you are grown up, though a stranger to look at you would take you for the son of a well-to-do father as far as size and good looks go, your conduct is by no means what it should be. In addition to hospitality in The Odyssey, the question of is it given out of fear of retribution from the gods or out of true generosity, is raised.
Although, Odysseus experienced unpleasant hospitality within his journey, he was also lucky to find townspeople and their kings that accepted strangers with a positive outlook. Because the Cyclops breaks these rules on purpose, there is no excuse for such uncivilized actions, thus he is classified as uncivilized. He journeys to Pylos and Sparta to seek news of his father whether he is dead or lost. This shows that Zeus will reward hospitality as long as it does not interfere with the other gods. But either it was fear, or out of respect he had for Sundiata, or a combination of both, Sundiata got his wish. Odysseus and his men find their way to an island and seek shelter in a cave that seems to be the home of a giant.
This is another example of good hospitality in the epic poem. Social status appears to have been determined by how well a person could accommodate guests. But, he has one main idea: the spirit with the most growth and strength is the one that is tested and weakened through the process. This is when Odysseus warns him that if he doesn't show hospitality, the gods will punish him. . All of the good characters immediately took Odysseus or his son Telemachus into their homes and fed them.
The book starts off with Odysseus just finishing the Trojan War. Penelope is Odysseus faithful wife who not only doesn't re-marry but also keeps hope that Odysseus is still alive and will… 1030 Words 5 Pages present throughout the Odyssey, written by Homer. Hospitality is a very important part of social exchange and honour in the Odyssey and this essay will aim to examine a few such instances and comment on the various means of friendliness and the punishments resulting from unfriendliness in the Homeric society. Eventually the king makes a remarkable comeback. Loyalty is evident in… 1760 Words 8 Pages Loyalty has always been seen as a commendable trait, not only in human beings but in any creature, all through history. These men are the scum.