The big question is whether there should be a full stop at the end of ' etc. Full disclosure: is a product of Editage, a global provider of world-class scientific communication solutions. You confused us, and it would likely confuse the students. For example: I hope my son isn't allergic to cheese, milk, butter, etc. Our original resources for authors and journals will help you become an expert in academic publishing. If you are finished with the sentence, end with that period, don't put anything else, but if you still have more to say, put a comma at the end and finish.
Nevertheless, many people are still taught that ending a sentence or clause with a preposition should be avoided. Ending a sentence with a preposition is a perfectly part of the structure of modern English. Not even following the last word in a sentence that is being quoted within parentheses would I expect one to employ two periods. The 'maybe' is the ellipsis, the three periods in a row which, when placed at the end of a sentence indicates that a passage being thought or spoken has trailed … off. Others enclose the ellipsis with a space on each side. I enjoy strawberries, blueberries, etc.
Some authorities, including The Chicago Manual of Style , favor omitting the periods in the previous examples. Period The period is perhaps the easiest punctuation mark to master. Actually it should look like this cars, airplanes, trains, etc. I bought the apples, oranges, etc. All our favorite characters, Jimmy, Slick Sam, Annie from Miami, et al. This saves time for the writer but makes things difficult for the reader, who cannot guess what the other amazing uses are.
Interested in an edit or proofread? Then check out the answers below. Now that we have talked about the correct usage of ' etc. To create this article, 30 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Everything else is logical enough. Many regard fine literature—novels, essays, poetry, etc—as essential to a useful life. People love to watch the award shows the Academy Awards, etc. From your question, I suggest that it actually requires an answer on two question — how to incorporate a quote into a sentence from the point of view of the structure, and how to deal with punctuation.
The official answer is 'yes'. It's been said that prepositions often deal with space and time 1 , which always makes me think of Star Trek. Well, it's not all straightforward—— et cetera can be commonly misspelled, improperly punctuated and even mispronounced! The teacher wants the students to have conversations making sentences. Were you talking about cars, airplanes, trains, etc. To create this article, 30 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Not the answer you're looking for? Sometimes, the advice was to not end a sentence with a preposition. Hotel rooms are likely to be in short supply throughout August the peak travel period.
Ellipses A series of three periods forms an ellipsis, which is explained. If this looks unusual, it is because abbreviations, such as etc. Editage Insights is funded by Editage and endorses services provided by Editage but is editorially independent. A quick look at newspapers from the past year indicates that there are still a number of people who find the terminal preposition an abomination, enough so that they are willing—perhaps, one imagines, even eager—to write letters to the editor of any newspaper in which they find it. One or two spaces at the end of a sentence? X Of the commitment they are taking on they must be convinced. Proper placement of the period with quotation marks If a sentence ends with quoted material, the period is placed inside the closing quotation mark, even if the period is not part of the original quotation.
However, when you still have more to say in the sentence, you should put a comma after the period. So, how do you work in the punctuation for the abbreviation with the other punctuation of the sentence, I hear you ask. Incorrect: He is a vice president at Apple Inc. If a question ends with a quotation containing an exclamation mark, the exclamation mark will override the question. You are not referring to other things, you are only discussing specific items in your list.
Difficulty generally arises only when the period is used with other punctuation marks. English is not Latin, however, and contemporary authorities do not try to shoehorn it into the Latin model. When asked about how to use it correctly, they are found to be confused themselves about its correct usage. By having the sentence: I have a bed, a desk, etc. It also received 13 testimonials from readers, earning it our reader-approved status. Note, however, that many scientific and technical abbreviations are formed without periods, even when they are lowercase or mixed-case. Proper placement of the period with parentheses If a sentence ends with a parenthetical that is only part of a larger sentence, the period is placed outside the closing parenthesis.
Rained off the tennis match was. The exclamation mark trumps the question mark, and both trump the period. Both Dryden and Poole were likely motivated by a desire to make English grammar more in line with Latin, a language in which sentences cannot end in prepositions. You do not use double periods. Ellipses save space or remove material that is less relevant. Example: I don't know…I'm not sure. Direct question: The question is, Does anyone support this legislation? If we are to be fair we may credit Poole for creating the rule, and Dryden for popularizing it.
In Latin grammar, the rule is that a preposition should always precede the prepositional object that it is linked with: it is never placed after it. Direct question: What is she doing tonight? One, I humbly submit, is all that's ever needed. But if the sentence ends with an abbreviation, the single period will serve to end the sentence, as in cars, airplanes, trains, etc. Others advise lowercase until a preposition reaches five or more letters. Most established abbreviations can be found in a good dictionary, which will inform you of the use or nonuse of periods. The rule applies also when the punctuation mark appears within parentheses or quotation marks; a second punctuation mark is both unnecessary and inappropriate. Abbreviations In addition to ending a sentence, the period is used with certain abbreviations.