In 1606 Oñate made another expedition to the far northeast, about which expedition we know almost nothing; and in 1608, he was superseded by Pedro de Peralta, the second governor of New Mexico. Some of his men explored east beyond Pecos pueblo towards the Texas border in search of buffalo; they probably reached the headwaters of the Canadian River, twenty-five miles northwest of the site of present Amarillo. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Last summer, some Hispanic people objected when Indian representatives suggested that a statue of Pope be erected in the United States Capitol. See more Encyclopedia articles on:. Until finally, at the center of the spiral, all you can see is the land. In hour after hour of public comment, the two sides went back and forth — but not over the design over the memorial.
The expedition crossed the Rio Grande at the present-day El Paso, and on April 30, 1598, he claimed all of New Mexico for Spain. Many of these natives were dispersed among the residences of government officials or at missions. Convicted in 1614, he later sought a pardon, which was granted before 1624. The Spanish crown, after some hesitation, decided to maintain its foothold in New Mexico, having received word that if it left it would be abandoning 7,000 converts. In June his party followed the Canadian River eastward across the Texas Panhandle, entering Oklahoma, then northeast toward the villages at the junction of the and Little Arkansas Rivers, near present Wichita,. With its conquest and colonization, therefore, Spanish fortunes would be restored after the disastrous defeat of its armada by England in 1588. The hostage Rayado chief Caratax was freed by a raid on Onate and Onate freed several women captives, but he retained several boys at the request of the Spanish priests for instruction in the Catholic faith.
After having their demands denied, the group is said to have invaded Acoma homes, breaking walls and destroying property in order to take maize and blankets by force, harassing Keres women in the process and raping one woman. Hammond, de Oñate and the Founding of New Mexico 1927 , and de Oñate: Colonizer of New Mexico, edited and translated by George P. We are continually improving the quality of our text archives. Don Juan de Onate Facts: Early Life Don Juan de Onate was born in New Spain around Novermber 1598 and was the son of a wealthy conquistador. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. At length, in 1595 the viceroy awarded the contract to Don , a wealthy and distinguished man whose father had made a fortune from the silver mines of Zacatecas, and whose wife was the granddaughter of Hernando Cortes and the great-granddaughter of Montezuma.
He opposed total democracy, believing the colony was best governed by a small group of skillful leaders. Preparations were now actively renewed for the march, but when the modifications alluded to became known to some members of the colony, whose privileges were more or less curtailed, a new storm of complaints gathered, of which Oñate's foes did not fail to take advantage. After these troubles had been adjusted by appeal to the viceroy and the king, having most of his 200 men reunited at San Juan, with possibly a small re-enforcement brought by Zaldivar, the governor started, on October 7th, 1604, on a western expedition, in which he was accompanied by Padres Escobar and San Buenaventura, the former the new comisario. Political cartoon photographed in Albuquerque Arts Board archive. The note hinted that the bronze foot came from an equestrian statue of — part of a monument on the side of a rural highway near where Oñate founded the first Spanish colony in New Mexico way back in 1598. After so many decades of celebrating Plymouth Rock, the Puritans and Jamestown, all this genuflecting at the shrine of English North America must get a little wearing if you are a New Mexican Hispanic. I also descend from another ancestor who went with Onate, along with his wife and children.
These communications included trade that would help the Spanish with their expedition. Juan de Oñate, the colonizer of New Mexico, was born in Zacatecas, Mexico, of a wealthy family, who owned at Zacatecas, some of the richest mines in the world. Animado por la relativa facilidad de la conquista, la expedición de Juan de Oñate se dirigió hacia Acoma, donde sí encontraron muchísima resistencia por parte de tribus indígenas, pero al final lograron imponer la superioridad militar de sus tropas. But Albuquerque's ethnic gridlock remains so tight that the original site for the statue, Civic Plaza, is to have a Holocaust memorial. Hammond and Agapito Rey, eds. The city actually celebrated the three hundred and thirty-third anniversary of its founding twenty years before it was three centuries old. Handbook of Texas Online, W.
In 1605 Oñate founded Santa Fe, the City of the Holy Faith of St. Turning to the Acoma, the Spanish spaced the foot amputations over several days. Success was assured, and preparations were made for an early departure when a change of viceroys occurred, the Count of Monterey succeeding Velasco. The argument centered around the idea that no one would choose to limit a slave's usefulness by removing their foot. Don Juan de Onate Facts: Escanjaques and Rayados Juan de Onate continued until he came up on a group of natives that were called the Escanjaques. His parents, aristocrats Cristóbal de Oñate and Catalina de Salazar, were Spanish colonists and owners of a prosperous silver mine in Zacatecas, in what is now northern central Mexico. The contract signed, Don Juan secured the support of the highest officials and most influential men of Mexico, Nueva Galicia and Nueva Vizcaya and invoked the aid of his four brothers and his four nephews, the Zaldivars, with other active friends, and began to recruit an army, by no means a long and difficult task.
The dirt path spirals slowly downhill, into the ground. Juan de Oñate statue Coronado had experienced some fierce fighting with the Pueblo Indian tribes of the Rio Grande valley, and Oñate was fully conscious that his entrance could be marked by combat with the native inhabitants. After the general assembly and its attendant festivities, Vicente Zaldivar was sent with fifty men to explore the buffalo plains east, about which we are not, at present, concerned. Here were three Christian Indians, left by Coronado in 1540. These actions gave Juan de Onate the reputation of brutal and dangerous. The conquistadors were then able to storm through the settlement.
Don Juan de Oñate Juan de Oñate was born in Mexico around 1550. Author Referencing Information The contents of www. Even as disgruntled former colonists were spreading rumors of vice and brutality against him, Oñate undertook a final journey of exploration as far as the Gulf of California. The Native World had gold, silver, corn, potatoes, tobacco, pineapples, tomatoes, beans, vanilla, chocolate and syphilis. .
And so every time the process hit an impasse, the city just threw more time and money at it — hiring mediators and forming committees. In 1598 he led an expedition north from , took possession of for the Spanish king, and established a settlement at. Onate described a pitched battle with 1,500 Escanjaques, probably an exaggeration, but many Spaniards were wounded and many natives killed. In return he asked for himself the titles of governor, etc. Of the remaining Acoma who survived the attack, many were either enslaved or otherwise severely punished. He was immediately faced by an Native American revolt at , which he put down brutally.