Try to present the principles, relationships, and generalizations shown by the Results. Remember that presentation of the references in the correct format is the responsibility of the author, not the editor. If a paper was rejected on the basis of serious reviewer error, resubmission may be considered. Write your Abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and get to the point quickly. The body of the Results section is a text-based presentation of the key findings which includes references to each of the Tables and Figures. Remember the abstract should be able to stand alone and should be as succinct as possible.
Note relevant facts and findings of the article. Those communities act as ecological indicators of the 'health' of the system, indicating clearly the gradient associated with the disturbance. Borja is the Editor of several journals, including , , Elsevier's and. When presenting your tables and figures, appearances count! Rubrics and templates can also be used to evaluate and grade the person reviewing the article. But do not forget that you need to give the whole picture at first. The abstract is the only part of the paper that a potential referee sees when he is invited by an editor to review a manuscript. The paper concludes with the discussion section and a list of references.
Much like other assignments, an article review must contain an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. This means carefully checking the submission criteria and preparing your paper in the exact format of the journal to which you intend to submit. If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the experimental design when describing the data collection procedure s , likely you can combine them and be more concise. Maximum length should be 200-300 words, usually in a single paragraph. Instructions for preparing an initial manuscript Information on manuscript types, including length constraints, can be found on our page. Example Of An Article Review The best way to learn how to write this kind of paper is to look for an article review example online that matches your grade level. It is also customary, but not essential, for the authors to express an opinion about the theoretical or practical implications of the findings, or the importance of their findings for the field.
Minimize personal communications, do not include unpublished observations, manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted for publication, publications that are not peer reviewed, grey literature, or articles not published in English. It is optional to include the thesis title. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report 99-4279, August 1, 2000 Adapt these formats as necessary for other types of sources, including unpublished reports or manuscripts -- just be sure to include sufficient information that your readers could find or obtain these sources themselves, if need be. Problematic example : In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods. Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design? You may need to split the data into multiple graphs. When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures e. Although it is a good idea for the authors to have justification and a rationale for their procedures, these should be saved for inclusion into the discussion section, not to be discussed in the methods section.
Are the treatments and controls clearly described? What advantages does it confer in answering the particular question s you are posing? The transfer can only include documents that were part of the review process at Science. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Publisher, Place of publication, number of pages. I used solutions in various concentrations. Tables are used to present the raw data of the experiment while figures are used to illustrate comparisons. Thus, for the vast majority of readers, the paper does not exist beyond its abstract.
Some publishers may also want publicity for their journal so will approve unconditionally; other publishers are more resistant. The text should guide the reader through your results stressing the key results which provide the answers to the question s investigated. It is appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source vendor and catalog number for reagents used, e. Find sources: — · · · · August 2009 Scientific literature comprises scholarly that report original and work in the and , and within an academic field, often abbreviated as the literature. Or are there gaps in the logic or assumptions being made? Figures should meet the same standards as print figures.
See Experimental Design and Statistics Guidelines below for details. Finally, you must pay attention to the use of decimals, lines, etc. The biggest difference is that pre-print articles have not undergone peer review. The status of submitted manuscripts can also be tracked at this portal. Clear communication of the findings of research is essential to the growth and development of science and professional practice. The editors at Science consider this advice in selecting papers for in-depth review. Units should not change within a column.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Reviewers will check whether the title is specific and whether it reflects the content of the manuscript. The purpose of sufficient detail in the methods section is so that an appropriately trained person would be able to replicate your experiments. Instead of: The rats were injected with the drug. It starts with an abstract that briefly summarizes the paper and then leads into an introduction. Such a source would be omitted from your References Cited or Bibliography section. Only a reader with a very specific interest in the subject of the paper, and a need to understand it thoroughly, will read the entire paper.