These include, but are not limited to, conduct and antisocial disorders, anxiety related disorders, as well as personality disorders. There are a few psychotherapy theory which can be found. By being congruent, accepting, and empathic, the therapist is a catalyst for change. Each of this therapy is use as basic learning principles on changing every human problematic or troubled personalities. Carl Rogers did not believe that therapy should be a cold and rigorous process. Humanistic approach can only be applied to few areas of psychology, but it can provide better insights into the behavior of the individual through qualitative methods. A 'way of being': Carl Rodgers explained person-centred theory as offering what amounts to a life philosophy.
Furthermore, the Rogerian approach is versatile. Discuss the strengths and limitations of the two models. The following further explained the four keys of understanding a client. The approach relies on the personal qualities of the practitioner to build a non-judgemental and empathic relationship with the client. Two persons are in psychological contact.
In this essay I am going to explore two multicultural theories which are person centered therapy and Gestalt therapy. Values clarification is all about doing what matters, knowing what matters to you personally, and taking effective action guided by those values. Additionally, many view Alders approach as being overly optimistic about the human nature. It is a humanistic non-directive approach to counselling where the counsellor allows the client to lead the conversation and not try to steer them in a particular direction. Throughout the story Odysseus develops and growth. Practitioners with a humanistic orientation encourage their clients to make changes that will lead to living fully and authentically with the realization that this kind of existence demands a continuing struggle. Accurate empathy is the cornerstone of the person-centered approach.
The client must perceive that a problem exists or that they are uncomfortable enough with their present psychological adjustment to want to explore possibilities for change. The argument being, that culture plays a major role in the dimension of these developmental factors and can greatly influence the role of the family structure. It is sometimes called the third force distinct from psychoanalyzes and behaviourism. It is important to re- assure the client that they are welcome to discuss this in more depth at the next meeting. And this will definitely bring satisfaction in both counselor and client.
I have sound logic, am diplomatic and disciplined and approach social situations with an open mind and an eagerness to understand. His work is relatively well accepted, and ideas may be seen as being proposed as an opportune time, with recognition being granted when in. Empowerment: The person-centred approach aims to enable service users and clients to develop their own inner resources and have the power to address their own problems. Recognizing my own personal strengths I am able to build on them and use them towards my advantage. Rogers was born into a strict religious family and he was the fourth born of six children.
The second attitude therapists need to communicate is deep and genuine caring for the client as a person. It is however, important in every counselor to hold the key factors in how one should perceive in a client or an individual. Congruence- Congruence is about whether or not the counsellor is genuine. The person-centered approach rejects the role of the therapist as the authority who knows best and of the passive client who merely follows the dictates of the therapist. Theory And Practice of Counseling And Psychotherapy Fifth Edition. These people may resist the action-orientated approaches associated with cognitive-behavioural therapy.
The good life is a process, not a state of being. I believe this class is definitely giving me a greater understanding of the different techniques and methods that will allow me to improve my learning process. There is no scope within the concept for individual examination and exploration of emotions, or even of looking at the challenging issues from different angles or perspectives. This kind of work may not always be practical if a 'quick fix' is needed. It is a direction, not a destination. Communication could mean a phone call, letter, e-mail, face to face conversation or simply snuggling up on the couch to watch a good movie.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 128, 104. Rogers theorized that each person is motivated by an actualizing tendency, a force that drives us to reach our maximum potential physically, spiritually and emotionally Noel,. For this reason I will start by evaluating Person- centred therapy itself and how it works. The theory became known as person-centered approach. This essay will show this is especially evident in the person centred approach to caring. It employs the Socratic Method that comprises of numerous questions to be responded to by the client. A third limitation is that this approach extols the value of an internal locus of evaluation.