Lesson Summary In this chapter, Harper Lee continues to draw attention to the racism prevalent in Maycomb county. Scout explains further how the town had such a tight knit group of people because they had been around each other for generations and saying and Gossips had developed about each family. Her character serves as the bridge between two worlds, and the reader develops a sense of her double life, which is split between the Finch household and the black community. Avery, and Atticus is dismayed at the likeness. Scout's attempts to reassure Mr.
Miss Caroline is from the richer and more cultured North Alabama, and does not understand the country ways of Maycomb. He tells the other men that they're going to leave, and they do. However, it is actually a much different group of people: the lynch mob. Analysis This chapter sets the tone and basis for everything else that happens in the novel. As soon as it's gone, the three children run as fast as they can back home, but Jem loses his pants in the gate. As his understanding increases, so does his likeness to Atticus. Atticus breaks up the fight and sends them off to bed.
From the children's point-of-view, their most compelling neighbor is Boo Radley, a recluse whom none of them has ever seen. Walter hesitates but then takes Jem up on the friendly offer. Scout also does not get along with her cousin, Francis. From a distance, they see Atticus sitting in front of the Maycomb jail, reading a newspaper. They sneak under a wire fence and go through a gate.
This foreshadows the town's treatment of later in the book - they will find him guilty despite rational evidence to the contrary. Their search through the darkness, the many gates, the vegetables in the yard, and then Dill's glance through the dark window with curtains through which there is one small light are somewhat symbolic of the children's search through layers of ignorance and rumor to find the truth underneath it all. Christmastime soon arrives and Atticus' brother, Uncle Jack, comes to visit. Cunningham, whose son Walter visited the Finch's home in an earlier chapter. Atticus answers that he is sleeping, and the men should go home. Radley, Boo's father, had only been seen on his daily trip to collect groceries from 11:30am-12pm, and the family worshipped together in their own home on Sundays. Dubose verbal attack by destroying her plants, Jem is sentenced to read to her every day after school for one month.
Underwood talk for a while, and then Atticus takes the children home. In Chapter 6, the children come even closer to bridging the distance between themselves and Boo. However, Tom, Scout, and Jem, could also be considered mockingbirds as well. Back in class, Scout gets bored and starts writing a letter to Dill, but is criticized again by her teacher for knowing how to write in script when she's only supposed to print in first grade. Next, Lee provides an overview of Finch family history.
The Ewell children only need to come to school for the first day, and then the town will overlook the fact that they are absent, even though schooling is mandatory for all children. On the way home, the children hear odd noises, but convince themselves that the noises are coming from another friend who scared them on their way to school that evening. Later, toward the end of the school year, Jem and Scout find two polished Indian-head pennies, good luck tokens, inside the same knothole. Dill is a crucial character in the story because he is both an insider and an outsider. As punishment, Jem has to go to Mrs. Miss Maudie also believes in the importance of pleasure and the enjoyment of life. Meanwhile, Scout looks around the group and recognizes Mr.
Refusing to permit his son to be deemed insane or charged with criminal behavior, Mr. Aunt Alexandria was one of those people who is extremely uptight and any moral out there she would adhere to. It is clear that there is some deep-rooted prejudice in the minds of many of the people of Maycomb. Scout gets angry at being lectured and attacks Jem. The following evening, Atticus goes into town, and Jem, Scout, and Dill follow him. This narrative device allows the reader to understand more about some of the events that Scout recounts than the young narrator is completely aware of. Though the other boys were sent to industrial school for punishment, and ironically received excellent educations, Arthur Radley's family preferred to keep him hidden inside the home.
However, Jem turns off the lights and he, Dill, and Scout press against the windows to see what is going on outside. Dill sees nothing, only curtains and a small faraway light. He accuses them of putting Boo's life history on display for the edification of the neighborhood. Miss Maudie is opposed to these staunch, strict ideas but is also religious, showing that perhaps she finds a relationship between maintaining beautiful things in the world and connecting with God. Atticus's opinions can usually be trusted, and he is convinced of the importance of dealing fairly and reasonably with all people, no matter what the circumstances. The Radley house is old, dark, closed-off, and uncivilized in contrast to the rest of the neighborhood: once white, it is now a slate-gray color, with rotten shingles, little sunlight, overgrown yards, and a closed door on Sundays. She tries to make sense of a world that demands that she act like a lady, a brother who criticizes her for acting like a girl, and a father who accepts her just as she is.
Chapter 12 -Summer has arrived, but Dill isn't coming due to his mother getting remarried. Confrontation Outside the Jail Cell Before they get too far, four cars slowly drive up and park in front of the jail cell. Atticus asks her to understand the situation from Miss Caroline's point of view - Miss Caroline can't be expected to know what to do with her students when she doesn't know anything about them yet. Jem's action is the courageous action of an adult facing a conflict. Although he ignores her, Scout reminds him that she knows Walter.